Thesis title: Tackling genderedness in organizations: gender mainstreaming and the public sector organizations in Pakistan
This reserach examines the problem of genderedness in public sector organizations in the context of gender mainstreaming strategy in Pakistan. It engages with, challenges and builds on the mainstream feminist discourse on genderedness as well as the much revered and dominant narrative of gender mainstreaming to argue that genderedness is a socially created system of shared beliefs that creates and supports difference and inequality between men and women. Organizations as sites of difference and inequality are not immune to genderedness.
Using data, from fieldwork carried in two locations in Pakistan, comprising open ended interviews with civil servants, who have or not been exposed to gender training, and interviews with key informants, it confirms that gendered knowledge attitudes and practices pervade in organizations. Gender mainstreaming considerably improves the knowledge of civil servants, to some extent changes the attitudes but, barring few exceptions, does not transform the existing organizational practices.
Based on results of the study, the reserach proposes that genderedness in organizations can be tackled by rediscovering gender mainstreaming that continues to sensitize institutional actors, but also organizes their formal obligations and most importantly focuses on pro women policies to reclaim, the side stepped women's vision of equality.